North Pole, northern end of Earth’s axis, depending on the Arctic Ocean, about 450 miles (725 km) north of Greenland. This geographical North Pole does not accompany the magnetic North Pole– to which magnetic compasses point and which in the early 21st century lay north of the Queen Elizabeth Islands of severe northern Canada at around 82 ° 15 ′ N 112 ° 30 ′ W(it is steadily moving northwest)– or with the geomagnetic North Pole, the northern end of Earth’s geomagnetic field (about 79 ° 30 ′ N 71 ° 30 ′ W). The geographic pole, situated at a point where the ocean depth has to do with 13,400 feet (4,080 metres) deep and covered with wandering pack ice, experiences 6 months of total sunshine and six months of total darkness each year.The American explorer Robert E. Peary claimed to have reached the pole by pet sledge in April 1909, and another American explorer, Richard E. Byrd, claimed to have reached it by aircraft on May 9, 1926; the claims of both guys were later on questioned. Three days after Byrd’s effort, on May 12, the pole was absolutely reached by a worldwide group of Roald Amundsen, Lincoln Ellsworth, and Umberto Nobile, who traversed the polar area in a dirigible. The very first ships to check out the pole were the U.S. nuclear submarines Nautilus (1958)and Skate( 1959 ), the latter appearing through the ice, and the Soviet icebreaker Arktika was the first surface area ship to reach it (1977 ). Other notable surface explorations consist of the very first validated to reach the pole( 1968; through snowmobile), the very first to traverse the polar region(1969; Alaska to Svalbard, via pet sled), and the very first to travel to the pole and back without resupply (1986; likewise by means of canine sled); the last expedition also included the very first lady to reach the pole, American Ann Bancroft.This short article was most just recently modified and upgraded byErik Gregersen, Elder Editor. Arctic: The North Pole The North Pole did not become in itself a goal of expedition until fairly late; the couple of early explorations that attempted to reach the pole were looking

  • Arctic. Greenland. North Pole. Political map: boundaries, cities. Includes locator.

    for a polar route to the East rather

    than for the …< img src ="https://cdn.britannica.com/s:180x120,c:crop/61/103661-050-FC12FE70/Map-exploration-European-New-World-voyages-others.jpg"alt ="European expedition: early trips"/ > European exploration

  • European exploration: early voyages

    : Polar areas In the North Polar areas

    , the scientific age started with the voyaging of William Scoresby, an English whaler and scientist, who in 1806 reached 81 ° 21 ′ N. In 1828 an English explorer, Sir William Parry, traveling over drift ice from Svalbard, reached 82 ° N. The Norwegian explorer Fridtjof …< img src= "https://cdn.britannica.com/s:180x120,c:crop/25/18425-050-709AF16A/Richard-E-Byrd.jpg"alt="Richard E. Byrd."/ > Richard E. Byrd: Life … aspiration to fly over the North Pole. On May 9, 1926

    , Byrd, acting as

    navigator, and Floyd Bennett as pilot made what they claimed to be the first airplane journey over the North Pole, flying from King’s Bay, Spitsbergen, Norway, to the Pole and back. The flight lasted 1512 hours, … Source


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